“State Terrorism”





The following paper will attempt to highlight some of the most significant arguments that have been put forward in the controversial conceptualization of the state as a terrorist actor. Stemming from prominent expert Bruce Hoffman’s definition of terrorism, the paper will unfold three main arguments on the identification of states as either terrorist or non-terrorist actors. In particular, the first argument will examine the nature of the act of terrorism vs. its perpetrators, the second, terrorism’s instrumentalization of human suffering, and the third, Western-founded conception of states being terrorism’s primary targets. In light of the above-mentioned topics, appropriate conclusions will be drawn on the extent of states as either terrorist actors or terrorism’s victims.